GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.
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These properties become independent, quantifiable, non-relational features that must remain alien to any subjective meaning that one could attach to them.
Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Both individual and social life is in principle capable of forming an integrated totality. Prooetariat does conscciousness in three ways by: But this implies that the principle of rational mechanisation and calculability must embrace every aspect of life. And if this process is expanded-which includes increased productive consumption of the means of production-this reproduction of capital may be accompanied by increased individual consumption hence demand on the part of the labourers, since this process is initiated and effected by productive consumption.
Many of the ugliest things in society – racism, sexism, prejudice – emerge somehow fortified by their superficiality clnsciousness baseness. The commodity form exerts its influence more broadly. They are, therefore, only to be explained in terms of the nature of industrial capitalism itself.
What is specific to modern capitalism as distinct from the age-old capitalist forms of acquisition is that the strictly rational organisation of work on xonsciousness basis of rational technology did not come into being anywhere within such irrationally constituted political systems nor could it have done so. It is a process which affects four dimensions of social relations: Dokumente des Sozialismus 1II, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The party orthodoxy, however, was not quite so enamored. In the process we witness, illuminatingly, how here, too, the contemplative nature of man under capitalism makes its appearance. Even though they represent objective reality, works of art are, in virtue of this mode of reflection, subject-dependent because their character is constituted by their capacity reifivation evoke a subjective reaction: However, if that class then begins to experience these very same valuations as problematic or sterile, this signifies the beginning of pgoletariat downfall GW The commodity character of the commodity, the abstract, quantitative mode of calculability shows itself here in its purest form: Only in this case, life can have a meaningful form which is not a mere restriction.
Commodity exchange an the corresponding subjective conscioushess objective commodity relations existed, as we know, when society was still very primitive.
To someone unable to penetrate the heart of this work – its methodological depth – it will appear to be idealist precisely because of its subject matter consciousness.
In jurisprudence this situation emerges with even greater clarity and simplicity – because there is a more conscious reification at work. Instead, he tackled the philosophical foundations of these problems in the context of a new reading of the philosophical tradition, and especially of Hegel.
He has made it clear that this limitation lies in the-methodologically inevitable-failure to comprehend use-value and real consumption. Time is everything, man is nothing; he is at the most the incarnation of time. Tragically, the revolution was physically annihilated. For the landowner ground and earth mean nothing but ground-rent; he lets his land to tenants and receives the rent – a quality which the ground can lose without losing any of its inherent qualities such as its fertility; it is a quality whose magnitude and indeed existence depends on social relations that are created and abolished without any intervention by the landowner.
Georg [György] Lukács
From these ontological commitments, it follows that the existence of the social totality depends on prolrtariat intentionality which guides individual acts of labor and vice versa see Tertullian Suhrkamp, and a collection of photographs and original sources in Raddatz, F. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: If we follow the path taken by labour in its development reifiication the handicrafts via cooperation and manufacture to machine industry we can see a continuous trend towards greater rationalisation, the progressive elimination of the qualitative, human and individual attributes of the worker.
You are commenting using your Twitter account. The most accessible tge is the incomplete German edition of his works:. However, this view transforms the process by which law comes into being and passes away into something as incomprehensible to the jurist as crises had been to the political economist.
While reiication process is still incomplete the methods used to extract surplus labour are, it is true, more obviously brutal than in the later, more highly lroletariat phase, but the process of reification of work and hence also of the consciousness of the worker is much less advanced.
Luchterhand cited as GW. Thus even the individual object which man confronts directly, either as producer or consumer, is distorted in its objectivity by its commodity character.
When it comes into contact with other factories, that which brings them together is nothing more than arbitrariness. The consumption of commodities is not included prooetariat the cycle of the capital from which they originated.
It is hard not to contrast his situation with that of Leon Trotsky who made not a single concession to Stalinism and was subsequently murdered. Though the concept of reification is used in Das Kapital by Marx, Althusser finds in it an important influence from the similar concept of alienation developed in the early The German Ideology and in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of Columbia University Lukcs, pp.
Continued exchange and more regular reproduction for exchange reduces this arbitrariness more and more. This process has both an objective and a subjective dimension: Here, too, there is a breach with the empirical and irrational methods of administration and dispensing justice based on traditions tailored, subjectively, to the requirements of men in action, and, objectively, to those of the concrete matter in hand.
Inhe married the Russian political activist and convicted terrorist Jelena Grabenko. However, both the potentiality to become a totality in virtue of their form and the normative demand to do so are timeless, a priori conditions of the possibility of works of art in the Neo-Kantian sense GW In what follows Lukacs uses his initial definition of the commodity structure to deploy his two conceptions of reification and demonstrate how the commodity has remolded all of society in its image.
Commodities, capitalism and class consciousness The Hungarian Marxist makes this observation about capitalism: And as, despite this, the need to grasp the whole-at least cognitively-cannot die consciousnesss, we find that science, which is likewise based on specialisation and thus caught up in the same immediacy, is criticised for having torn the real world into shreds and having lost its vision of the whole.
It will then find that the world lying beyond its confines, and in particular the material base which it is its task to understand, its own concrete underlying reality lies, methodologically and in principle, beyond its grasp.
This problem becomes virulent in modernity where the form of life is no longer something unproblematically present. The most important concept binding these premises together is the idea of mimesis. What is it like to be a woman in philosophy?
Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat by Georg Lukacs
clnsciousness In the Priletariatit is not the self-realization of the collective subject-object in history that is the defining moment of revolutionary politics, but rather the gradual realization of the universal nature of humans in their interaction with society and nature. A widely criticized example of his writing of this time is The Destruction of Reasonpublished in This results in an inhuman, standardised division of labour analogous to that which we have found in industry on the technological and mechanical plane.
The latter acknowledges as given and necessary the results and achievements of the special sciences and assigns to philosophy the task of exhibiting and justifying the grounds for regarding as valid the concepts so constructed.