provide extensive information about FM ( ). : Military Petroleum Pipeline Systems (FM ) ( ) by Department of the Army and a great selection of similar New , Used and. This manual, “Military Petroleum Pipeline Systems (FM ),” provides the fundamentals of planning and construction of military petroleum.
|Published (Last):||6 January 2006|
|PDF File Size:||14.33 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.99 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This valve has a revolvi ng plug with an opening so that fuel flows when the opening is aligned with the pipe. The key factor in pumping-station placement is that all pumping sta tions are in balance hydraulically and are operating at the same rate even work-load distribution! Total friction loss Appendix C. Label 54-82 scale D to E see FigureStep 1, page Since a viscous liquid resists efforts to move it, absolute viscosity is defined as a measure of the force required to produce flow.
Different pump units exist for an aluminum pipeline system and a steel pipeline system. Each altimeter traverse should be run in loops, ending the same day during hours of practically uniform temperature and stable air pressure.
There should be enough vehicles assigned so that the stringing crew always has a vehicle waiting to be unloaded. External-type pipe-joint aligning clamps B-8 Figure Fmm The US Navy is responsible for the installation of the Offshore Petroleum Distribution System OPDS and ship-to-shore pipeline to the high-watermark and the connections and operation of the beach-termination unit. Existing culverts should be used whenever possible even if the pipeline must be diverted a short distance from its route.
Rehandling pipe should be avoided as much as possible. Plans must take into account the following: The existing system may have to be renovated or supplemented with coupled pipelines, hose lines, and temporary storage tanks. As the intermediate transfer point of pipeline components, the construction staging area reduces the turnaround mf required for the movement of pipeline components to the trace. The head capacity for a particular pump varies according to its design efficiency.
When possible, the pipeline system services air bases and tactical airfields. Fuel loss or delay of its supply can disrupt combat operations. Under blocked-in conditions, overpressure can result in damage to the equipment, possible personal injury, and fire. Using a 5-ton cargo truck with a 4-ton bolster trailer is the best way to transport pipe sections from the construction staging area to 5-428 pipeline trace.
Close coordination is required between the constructing engineer unit, the transportation unit tasked to move the components, and the port-operations unit responsible for down loading the materials. Hose Lines B Appendix C. The distance from the liquid level in the tank to ground level is the static head.
Military Petroleum Pipeline Systems (FM 5-482)
Manually stringing 6-inch pound pipe is hazardous work. The pressure at this point will be 20 psi, the same as the suction pressure at station 1.
The volute catches the discharge and converts peripheral velocity into head pressure while conducting the liquid at a reduced flow rate to the discharge nozzle of the pump casing. Theater army headquarters provides broad planning guidance for Army petroleum support.
Problem and Solution 3 The conditions are the same as for the larger-pipe method; however, you are to determine the length of double line necessary to reduce the head loss to 18 feet. The general command structures of both units should be retained, as much mf possible, to ensure maximum command and control.
This lubricant is insoluble in petroleum products but is soluble in water. These forklifts are used to load and unload pipeline components at construction staging areas along the pipeline trace.
Leveling the terrain is critical when constructing coupled aluminum pipelines but not that critical for coupled steel pipelines. To prevent this, place pressure-reducing stations on downgrades at all points 5482 static pressure may become excessive.
The pumping- station locations selected using the hydraulic-gradient-triangle method may not be suitable for many reasons. When demand exceeds availability, the theater commander will establish an allocation system, based on priority, to support the theater plan of operations.
FM Chptr 2 Equipment
Hinged snap-joint coupling c. In reality, the level may be greater than 30 days, depending on available tankage and other factors Figurepage The density of water is Coupled pipelines are FM always surface-laid. The sections can be cut to any required length and regrooved, using the supplied grooving and cutting equipment. These valves are used in pipelines to cut off, control, and direct the fuel flow in the line. A plug valve is used in a tank farm manifold and on launchers and receivers where quick and positive closing of the valves is essential.
See Chapter 2 for operating characteristics on pump units. These safe working pressures are b ased fk the yield point of the pipe 5-4882 and provide a designed minimum safety factor -5482 3. The type and amount of support should be specified in the agreements and included in the wartime logistical plans dm all nations concerned. Normally 10 to 12 soldiers are required, including equipment operators. This excavator is used to install pipel ine anchors, dig and backfill culverts, and load and unload gate and check valves.
This set contains the tools and equipment needed to construct and maintain steel-coupled-type pipelines and pumping-station manifolds.
If these valves are available, using them is the best and easiest method of controlling excessive pressure. This station base terminal receives fuel from a petroleum-terminal tank farm or host- nation supply. This company’s mission is to operate and maintain, on a hour basis, a section of pipeline rm to exceed six pipeline pump stations and one TPT.